Volume 3, Issue 11 (November, 2022)
What are the Aerobic and Anaerobic Contributions at 2,000, 1,500, and 1,000-meter Race Distances? – By Joe DeLeo
The Correlation Between Tested and Actual Ankle Range of Motion During Ergometer Rowing – By Alex Wolf
Self-Reflection for Coaches and Challenging Regimes of Truth for a More Equitable Experience of Female Rowers – By Frank Clayton, Jr.
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DIRY, A., RATEL, S., Nevill, A., & MACIEJEWSKI, H. What is the physiological impact of reducing the 2,000 m Olympic distance in rowing to 1,500 m and 1,000 m for French young competitive rowers? Insights from the energy system contribution. Frontiers in Physiology, 1461.
Researchers studied 31 French male junior rowers in the U18, U16, and U14 categories. The researchers had the U18, U16, and U14 age groups perform a 2,000-meter, 1,500-meter, and 1,000-meter time trial on a rowing ergometer, respectively, to understand the energy system contributions across these three distances. The researchers found that a 2,000-meter race distance required greater aerobic energy than the 1,500 or 1,000-meter race distances. The U16 and U14 rowers had significantly higher anaerobic energy system contributions due to their shorter race distance. Junior coaches and masters rowers can use this information to better prepare for the 1,500 and 1,000-meter race distances. Elite rowers and coaches can use this information to better prepare for the Los Angeles 2028 Olympic Games where the distance will be shortened from 2,000-to-1,500-meters.
Soper, C., Reid, D., & Hume, A. (2004). Reliable passive ankle range of motion measures correlated to ankle motion achieved during ergometer rowing. Physical Therapy in Sport. 5(2), 75-83.
This article focuses on understanding the role of ankle range of motion (RoM) during the rowing stroke cycle, assess the reliability of active and passive endpoint RoM tests, and how these tests can effectively assess the required RoM within the rowing stroke cycle. The study was broken down into two sections. Part A assessed the reliability of active and passive tests of both ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion. All tests were found to be reliable. Part B then assessed the relationship between these tests and the dynamic RoM of ankle dorsiflexion and plantarflexion while ergometer rowing. Active and dynamic dorsiflexion had a moderate relationship with dynamic dorsiflexion, while passive dorsiflexion had a similar absolute endpoint Rom as dynamic dorsiflexion. Passive dorsiflexion tests can provide an accurate measure of the rowers endpoint dorsiflexion and if this needs to improve or not. Dorsiflexion at the catch can be a limiting factor in the rowing stroke cycle. Plantarflexion was also found not to be a limiting factor in the rowing stroke cycle.
Hann, D., & Knoppers, A. (2020). Gender discourses in coaching high performance sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport, 55(6).
Researchers embarked on a qualitative exploration of regimes of truth of 12 elite rowing coaches. Twelve coaches had experience coaching both men and women elite rowers. Investigators found that coaches drew from discourses in coaching men and women that ultimately placed men at the top and women as ‘different’. There was a noted absence of discussing physical differences. Coaches had explicit standards of norms for rowing that favored men’s behavior. Female athletes tend to have their challenges viewed as negative contributing to their willingness or lack thereof to continuing to participate in rowing. The results of this study suggest that coaches, even the ones who coach elite athletes and believe they treat men and women the same, can have biases and regimes of truth that position the behaviors of female rowers as less favorable. Coaches and rowers can use this information to focus on self-reflection and identify subconscious biases.
About Science of Rowing
“Science of Rowing” is a monthly publication created by three dual rowing-and-strength coaches: Will Ruth, Blake Gourley, and Joe DeLeo. Our goal is to move research into practice for coaches and rowers of all ages, types, and levels. We are entirely member-funded and do not promote products or sell advertisements. Members receive one issue each month containing three reviews of recent and applicable research in rowing training, strength training for rowing, and other relevant performance areas like psychology, injury analysis, technology, and more.
Each issue includes video and graphic content to help move the knowledge into practice, as well as a podcast episode of the three of us discussing the takeaways and our experiences. Membership includes access to all prior issues, so join us for one month and get access to every issue. We also offer discounted annual and team memberships, as well as gift memberships for a special rower or coach in your life.